Maintaining Health Weight

Maintaining Health Weight

Reaching and Maintaining Health Weight, Improving Your Personal Fitness


When a dietary supplement is considered food and when is it considered a drug? Describe in detail why and when someone would need to take a dietary supplement. Is monitoring your nutritional intake important? Why or Why not? Please provide examples in paragraph form. What is your perception of a healthy diet, why and what does it consist of? Maintaining Health Weigh



Choosing a Nutritious Diet

· Dietary Guidelines for Eating Right

· Food Guide Pyramids

· Food Labels

· The Three Functions of Food

· The Seven Components of Food

· Dietary Supplements

· Dietary Guidelines for Eating Right

· Food Guide Pyramids

· Food Labels

· The Three Functions of Food

· The Seven Components of Food

· Dietary Supplements

· For most people in the states, good nutrition is a matter of informed choice.

· Marketing and advertising are major influences on food consumption patterns.

· The current American diet consists of too much saturated and trans-fat, refined carbohydrate and sugar, and salt. Maintaining Health Weight


Dietary Guidelines for Eating Right

· For example the American Heart Association and American Cancer Society have developed the following guidelines


· Some of the information in these guidelines vary slightly depending on the focus of the guidelines but they are all good guidelines.

· The USDA’s focus is to promote wellness and decrease illness that result from poor nutrition.

· Heart Disease, Cancer, Type 2 Diabetes, GI Diseases, Blood Pressure and Tooth Decay are all affected by what we eat. Maintaining Health Weight

· Influences on Dietary Choices

· Family

· Ethnic and religious heritage

· Cultural eating patterns

· Social factors

· Time limitations on thoughtful food shopping and meal preparation

· Stress, which encourages consumption of fat, sugar, and salt (comfort foods)

· Eating in a cafeteria


Food Guide Pyramids

· MyPyramid ( ) was released in 2005 and is designed to be a flexible online tool.

· It is different than what was recommended a few years ago and is much more specific to the needs of people who are different sizes

· It encourages

· Variety

· Moderation

· Proportions

· Physical activity

· Gradual improvements

· Personalization


©US Dept. of Agriculture





Food Labels

· The U.S. government requires all manufactured foods to carry two food labels:

· Ingredients label

· Nutrition facts label

The Ingredients Label



· The Ingredients Label

· Lists the chemical constituents of a food in descending order by weight

· All the substances used, including other foods (e.g., grains, eggs)

· Natural and artificial sweeteners

· Natural and artificial fats

· Natural and artificial thickeners

· Natural and artificial flavorings

· Food colorings

The Nutrition Facts Label

Provides quantitative information on:

Certain nutrients (ingredients), whose consumption should be monitored for good health.

The calorie content of the food.

Lists the percent daily value (PDV) of each nutrient; this is the percentage of the recommended daily amount that is contained in the food. Maintaining Health Weight

Seven Components of Food

· Proteins

· Carbohydrates

· Lipids (fats)

· Vitamins

· Phytochemicals

· Minerals

· Water



· The mouth is the initial site of digestion.

· Chewed and softened food is passed from the mouth via the esophagus to the stomach for additional breakdown.

· Nutrients are absorbed from the intestines into the blood.

· The liver regulates the release of nutrients.

Non digested material is excreted in feces



Please watch the videos below:


Provide a summary for each video or you can combine your summaries for all three. Maintaining Health Weight